First thing, take care when handling fresh or dried chillis as they can burn your skin afterwards, so don't rub your eyes straight after chopping or anywhere else! Fresh chillis can be eaten stuffed whole and deep fried, BBQ'd with cheese or sliced and chopped into a variety of dishes. Dried chillis can be re hydrated and pureed into a variety of sauces and pure chilli powder or chilli flakes is available ranging from hot ones down to a very mild smokey powder which adds a great flavour to any dish. beware of some powders with the recent health scares of companies adding red dye to improve their appearances, if in doubt use fresh dried or flakes.
All types of chillis can be frozen and if you usually de-stem and split them open to remove the seeds and pith for use in cooking, then do it now so they are pr prepared for use. I would still leave them whole at this stage as it is easier to thinly slice semi frozen chillis when they are de-thawing. Wrap them well as it stops your chillis getting freezer burn, and they shouild last up to a year or by next years harvest. You can now use them as required, either thaw them out or simply throw them in while still frozen.
Large Chillis like Poblano's benefit by being roasted over a wood fire or even charcoal BBQ's, but they can also be done by placing over a flame of a gas cooker or a under a very hot grill in the home, this will rid them of their tough skins and give them a little smokiness. The smaller the chilli the less need there is to roast them, just a quick grilling will suffice but no need to peel them. Once roasted place them in a bowl and cover with a tea towel until the skins are easily rubbed off, this flesh can now be stored in the refrigerator, or they can be frozen with skins still on and then removed once thawed.
I haven't had too much success with pickling chillis, as they tend to end up too soft or too slimey, while loosing their vibrant colours. but I shall persever and adding a few herbs and spices is a good idea for any pickle recipe and again you can be flexible with the ingredients. Use whole seeds and dry roast them for the best result. Use any kind of glass jars, but the one thing you should take care over in this recipe is sterilising the jars. It's not difficult, wash the jars out with hot soapy water, rinse clean, and dry thoroughly in a medium oven, bootle up and seal while still quite warm. There are plenty of recipes about on the web, with some on our forum boards so I'll leave that bit to you.
The dried chillis should be placed in enough hot water (not boiling) so they can easily move and float about, then give them an occasional still to ensure coverage and they plump up evenly all over, a weight will help by keeping them underwater, to ensure coverage. Do not leave them too long to soak as they will start to leech out the flavours into the water, probably 10-15 minutes in warm water should suffice, as long as they are now pliable it should do, discard the water as it will probably be bitter, but it can be tasted if you really want to use it in a sauce but check flavour before using.
Aji: About 4 to 5 inches long, medium fleshed, with a fruity flavour. This chile is used to make a yellow mole sauce and is good in salsas.
Anchos: About 3 to 4 inches long, these are dried poblano chillis, a dark reddish brown chilli with a wrinkled surface, fairly mild, thickish flesh with a sweet earthy flavour of liquorice, tobacco, coffee and raisins. Used in mole, enchilada sauces, tamales and stews. The traditional mole has Ancho, Mulato and Pasilla Chillis.
Cascabel: Meaning rattle in Spanish due to the rattling sound when shaken, about 1 to 2 inches, dark reddish brown, smooth and round in shape, this chilli is medium hot used in sauces, salsas soups and stews.
Chipotles: These are now becoming very popular, even tho they are still not easy tofind in theUK, there are two main types, a black-red one and a light brown one. They have different smokey levels although both are smoked dried version of Jalapeno's. The sweeter black-red ones seem to be the most common ones found and these are the ones which go into the cans of the spicey tomato adobo sauce. Either type can be used in cooking, but the black-red variety seems to give a sweeter, rich and lingering flavour, while the light brown type which resembles a piece of light suedehas a more earthy-grassy flavour.
Chilhaucle Negro: About 2 to 3 inches long, this dark mahogany chilli has an intense fruit flavour and is shaped like a miniature bell pepper. Used in soups and stews and in black mole sauces with its dark purple colour.
Choricero: About 4 inches long, this is an extremely sweet and mild Spanish chilli.
A very distinctive and full flavour, slightly smokey and eaed in sauces, soups and stews and is large enough to stuff.
Costeño Amarillo: Anything from 1 to 3 inches long, this shiny amber chilli has a thin flesh and has a light lemony green flavour. Fairlt good heat mostly used in yellow moles, soups stews and salsas.
Guajillo: About 12cm long, shiny, deep orange-red with brown tones, elongated, tapering to a point and sometimes slightly curved. Thin fleshed; has a green tea and stemmy flavor with berry tones. A little piney and tannic, with a sweet heat. Commonly used in salsas, chile sauces, soups, and stews.
Mulato: About 7cm long, deep dark brown dried chilli of medium flesh similar to anchos, fairly mild with a smokey liquorice taste, more smokier than the Ancho. Traditionally used in sauces, chile pastes, enchiladas, and chile con carne to add a distinctive rich mellow flavour. The traditional mole has Ancho, Mulato and Pasilla Chills.
Nu Mex Red: About 12cm long, also known as the chilli colorado, dried version of the red variety although all varieties of Nu Mex can be found dried, thin fleshed with an earthy flavour. The red dried ones are sweet and fruity. Used in red sauces and stews, good roasted or stuffed when fresh, also used decoratively in the making of ristras.
Pasilla: About 12cm long thin fleshed chilli, dark raisin brown and wrinkled with herbaceous tones and a hint of liquorice. Also sold as chilli negro. Used with Mulato and Ancho to make the traditional mole sauce. Good in all sorts of sauces.
Smoke Your Own
Start early to allow 6 -7 hours of smoking
1 pound ripe red jalapeño or fresno chillis
10 pounds charcoal briquettes
Wood chips your choice (such as mesquite chunks cut into smaller pieces)
Cover wood chips in water and leave to soak. Mound about one half the briquettes into the charcoal pan and light. Wash the chillis and cut a slit lengthwise in each one from just below the shoulder to about a half inch from the tip. Place the chillis in a single layer (slit side up) on a tray or rack that will fit in the smoker and won't let the chiles fall through. When the briquettes are covered with grey ash, spread out into an even layer (if using a BBQ, spread the briquettes to the side leaving a bare spot in the center). Place some of the soaked smoke chips on the briquettes. Fill the water pan with 2 to 3 inches of water (if using a BBQ, use an aluminium foil pan that will fit in the bare spot in the center of the BBQ) and put in place over (or in the center of) the briquettes. Put smoker or BBQ rack in place, place the container of chiles on the rack over the pan of water, and cover the smoker or BBQ.
The idea is to keep a low-heat, smouldering, smoky fire for several hours. Add briquettes, smoke chips, and sprigs of fresh rosemary as needed to keep generating heat and smoke. After 6 or 7 hours, the chiles have probably absorbed as much smoke as they're going to. They should be a dark, brick-red colour and somewhat wrinkled but, they won't be totally dehydrated to a point where they would keep at room temperature. Remove them from the smoker and finish drying them in a warm oven or a dehydrator if needed.